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insert into website_stat (viewDate, view_date, script_name, query_string, ip, request_method, uid) values (NOW(), NOW(), '/Website/index.php', 'ChannelID=91&NewsID=3742', '3.239.11.178', 'GET', '')
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欢迎参加气候变化科学前沿论坛系列报告之459期

[日期:2018-09-13]

      题  目:North Pacific and Atlantic water vapor ribbons and monsoon onset prediction in East Asia
      报告人:Prof. Jonathan L. Mitchell , Department of Earth and Space Sciences & Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences,University of California, USA  
      时  间:2018年9月18日(周二)上午10:00-11:30
      地  点:国家气候中心7楼全球变化会议室(7022)
      主持人:巢清尘研究员
      主  办:中国气象局气候研究开放实验室
                中国气象局气候变化中心

摘要:A global Hövmoller diagram of total column water vapor at 30N latitude reveals "ribbons" of locally enhanced humidity that evolve from the Eastern Pacific/Atlantic basins in the winter to the Western Pacific/Atlantic in the summer.  Onset of the East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) coincides with the time the Pacific ribbon first exceeds 40 mm, which occurs just before the ribbon makes landfall.  The ribbons are recognizable in the 39-year (1979-2017) climatology, demonstrating that they are potentially useful for monsoon onset prediction.  We propose a simple metric based on the seasonal evolution of the Pacific ribbon, namely that EASM onset occurs roughly a month after the water vapor ribbon crosses the dateline.  Our proposed onset metric is nearly exact following strong El Niño winters, while a wider range of lead-times occur following La Niña.  A set of simplified aquaplanet GCM simulations demonstrates a leading role for ocean heat transport in the longitudinal confinement of the ribbons, while topographic relief of continents plays a secondary role.  Finally, I will speculate as to the mechanism causing the ribbons and their seasonal evolution.
       
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